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National Education Strategic Plan to Expand Opportunities to Afghan Youth


In support of the Afghanistan Compact and Afghanistan’s National Development Plan, the Ministry of Education has completed a 5-year National Education Strategic Plan, 1385-1389 (NESP).  The plan, which was launched earlier this year, represents the ambitions and aspirations of the people of Afghanistan, their government, and the Ministry of Education for a knowledge-based, secure society.  The NESP is a thoroughly researched assessment of the measures necessary to strengthen Afghanistan’s educational system and develop vibrant human capital.


This plan outlines the Ministry's intent to promote this vision and provides the basis for substantive discussions with our national and international development partners to better link, coordinate and finance educational aid. By providing equal access to quality education for all citizens, the Afghan government hopes to enable the Afghan people to actively contribute to the development, economic growth, and stability of their country.


Goals set forth by the NESP to be met by the end of the 5-year plan period in 2011 include increased enrollment in primary school for girls and boys to at least 60% and 75% respectively, a new curriculum in place for secondary schools, and a national testing system to assess the learning achievement of students.  The plan also calls for a 50% increase in female teachers and improvements to teaching standards in Afghan schools, with 70% of teachers having passed a competency exam within five years.


The aim of the National Education Strategic Plan is to improve upon advancements being made in the education sector of Afghanistan, such as increasing overall school enrollment and literacy and reducing disparities in provincial and gender enrollment.


“It is the strong belief of our country's top leadership that a revitalized education system

that is guided by the tenets of Islam is at the core of the State Building exercise. Therefore, one of the top priorities of government is to rebuild an education system that will act as a fundamental cornerstone in shaping the future of the country through peace and stability, democracy and good governance, poverty reduction and economic growth,” writes Afghanistan’s Minister of Education Mohammad Hanif Atmar in the NESP’s introduction. “Our communities have demonstrated their commitment to their children’s futures not only by sending them to school but also by establishing schools through community participation rather than waiting for outside help. In return we will develop a quality, broad-based education system, from which students emerge literate, numerate and technologically proficient as the basis for lifelong learning. Such a system requires nurturing and vigorous protection as well as very significant investment.”


The NESP was developed through an extensive consultative process involving the Ministry of Education and educators from every province of the country, as well as the Education Consultative Group and UNESCO’s International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP). The NESP is organized around eight program components designed to facilitate the achievement of the plan’s goals.  These core programs consist of General Education, Islamic Education, Technical and Vocational Education and Training, Literacy and Non-Formal Education, and Teacher Education and Working Conditions.  Administrative level programs of the NESP are Education Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Development, Curriculum Development and Learning Materials, and Education Administration Reform and Development.



CLICKE HERE to read the NESP in its entirety


CLICK HERE For more information on the Ministry of Education
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